Ayurvedic Detoxification Therapies


Panchakarma literally translates to five actions designed mainly for cleansing the body of toxins. It uses medicated oils that help in eliminating the impurities from the human body.

The five therapies of Panchakarma have two basic principles: Oleation and Fomentation.

Oleation: Oleation uses medicinal oils or oily substances which act as effective media to reach the deeper tissues and carry the medicinal ingredients to every cell of the body and loosen up toxins stuck in the cells.

Fomentation: Fomentation is the process which involves sweating. After the tissues are made soft with oleation, fomentation makes them more flexible. The deep-rooted toxins are flushed out during fomentation.

Five Panchakarma Therapies
· Vaman
· Virechan
· Basti
· Nasya
· Raktamokshan

Vaman: Vaman includes internal and external oleation and fomentation therapies for a few days. It induces vomiting and helps to eliminate toxins from the body tissues. The therapy is followed by emetic medicine and decoction. Vaman therapy is helpful to treat Kapha-dominated conditions such as obesity, asthma and hyperacidity.

Virechan: Virechan includes a few days of internal and external oleation and fomentation therapies. Herbal laxatives are given to facilitate evacuation of the bowels that helps in cleansing the toxins. Virechan is beneficial for people with Pitta-dominated conditions such as herpes zoster, jaundice, colitis, celiac disease etc.

Basti: Basti therapy is the process of instilling certain oils, herbal decoctions, and sometimes milk or other liquids through the perineum- anus, urethra in men or vagina in women. After instilling the liquids, toxins accumulated in the lower part of the body or the toxins pushed to the colon. Basti therapy is extremely effective against Vata-dominated conditions such as arthritis, piles and constipation.

Nasya: Nasya therapy begins with gentle massage of head and shoulder regions and fomentation after which nasal drops are administered in both the nostrils. This therapy is highly beneficial in relieving various types of headache, migraine, hair problems, sleep disorders, neurological disorders, sinusitis, chronic rhinitis and respiratory diseases.

Ratamokshan: This therapy involves the purification of blood. Ratamokshan is beneficial in treating various skin diseases such as psoriasis, eczema, and also in local lesions such as abscesses and pigmentation.


Abhyanga is an ayurvedic massage in the body’s natural lymphatic circulation flow. It involves the application of a copious amount of warm herbal oils, herbal powders, pastes or ghee with mild pressure. Unlike modern-day massages, Abhyanga has an individualised approach and the practitioners first assess the type of oil and herbs best suited for the individual and their needs. Everyday abhyanga is beneficial in relieving stress, stiffness, tiredness, bodily pains and improves blood circulation. The important benefit of abhyanga is it helps to mobilize the dosha from the periphery toward the core in order to get them eliminated through the body.

Abhyanga particularly pacifies Vata dosha. Pitta and Kapha can be pacified with ghee and herbal powder massage.

Wide range of health benefits:
· Eliminated toxins.
· Helps in reducing weight.
· Softens the skin.
· Delays ageing.
· Calms nerves and promotes better sleep.

Pinda Sweda

Pinda Sweda is a specialised treatment of Ayurveda which helps in providing relief in pain, swelling and stiffness. It breaks the toxins and prepares the body for virechan. This therapy works like wonder in treating Vata related conditions like arthritis and other low-back related issues. The treatment procedure involves using boluses with medicinal herbs and applied on joints and other body parts to provide relief.

Read on to know the types of Pinda Sweda

Neem Patra Pinda Sweda
Neem Patra Pinda Sweda treatment involves heating or frying medicinal leaves in herbal oils and tying them into a bolus. The bolus is heated on a pan and is continuously rubbed on pain afflicted areas. Besides providing relief from pain, inflammation, swelling and stiffness, Neem Patra Pinda Sweda does magic on the skin. It improves glow and complexion of the skin and treats psoriasis, eczema and chronic skin conditions.

Shastika Shali Pinda Sweda
Shastika Shali Pinda Sweda also known as Navarakizhi is a sweat-inducing treatment given using a preparation of milk and cooked rice to relieve stiffness and pain. This therapy is extremely beneficial in treating muscle soreness and aids in muscle development.


Shirodhara is a classic ayurvedic therapy which includes pouring of warm herbal oil on the forehead in a continuous stream. The therapy begins with Abhyanga and about 2 litres of lukewarm herbal oil is continuously poured as a stream on to the forehead in an oscillating manner. The therapy lasts 30 minutes to 60 minutes depending on the condition of the client. A mild head massage is also given before or during Shirodhara.

Shirodhara treats
· Hair problems.
· Chronic headaches.
· Hypertension
· Stress
· Depression
· Facial Paralysis